Parents should remember that many kids learn to read by 1st grade and often the knowledge they attain before entering school, either at home or in the community can affect a child's ability to learn. 88% of children who have a problem reading in first grade will continue to have that problem in 4th grade. The National Assessment of Educational Progress reading test illustrates that 33% of American fourth graders read below basic levels.
Teachers with reading training should balance the various components of reading, including phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. The kids who are struggling with reading usually have problems sounding out words. These difficulties are known as decoding and word recognition problems.
Parents can assist their child by reading aloud together so they can gain confidence, the ability to recognize letters of the alphabet, knowledge of print books, and awareness of phonemes (the sounds of words).
Reading is a very complex skill, however it is also the building block of all learning. If your child is showing any signs of reading difficulty that is resulting in the child preforming below his/her aptitude- get your child evaluated and consult with professionals as to the best by to assist your child in achieving grade level or above reading.