By Lisa Rappaport, PhD

Time Management 101

  |  Tools & Forms  

Keeping children with learning disabilities and ADHD on a schedule—especially one they can eventually manage themselves—is doable. Our expert strategy will put you on the right path.


Many children with LD and ADHD have difficulty managing their time, especially as they reach adolescence when more is required of them socially and academically. It’s important to empower your child with the skills necessary to manage and organize herself. Doing so will give her a sense of self-control, which in turn will foster independence. Use the following guidelines to get you started.


Step-by-Step Strategy

 Happy Girl Jumping

1. Create a schedule.

When children arrive home from school, they often need time to relax and unwind before starting homework. During this down time offer to help your child write out a schedule for the rest of the night to ensure that she accomplishes everything she needs to do.

Start by making a list of the homework assignments for that night (including work on long-term projects). Next to each assignment, fill in the amount of time she estimates it will take to complete the task. Encourage her to pad her estimates with extra time, as underestimating is a common problem for children who have yet to master the skill.


2. Estimate attention span.

The next challenge is to determine how long she can sit before she’ll need a break. This is generally a function of age and attention span and is likely to require your guidance in the early stages.


3. Plan breaks.

After establishing a reasonable break schedule, find out what she would like to do during her breaks and how long each break should last. Young children or hyperactive children may sit for 20 minutes and then need a break, but they may only need five minutes to run around or do some jumping jacks. Older children might work for 60 to 90 minutes or more and then need a break for 30 or 40 minutes. Any schedule that works for your child is fine. It may take some trial and error to find the best flow, and it’s likely to change as your child develops.


4. Manage weekend work.

It’s not unusual for students to ignore their schoolwork until Sunday night. You can avoid the last-minute stress by making a weekend schedule on Friday that shows how her time is allotted for recreation and homework.

Teaching time-management skills at a young age will help lead to self-regulation, limit setting, and learning how to prioritize—all skills necessary for success in life.


Reprinted with permission from Smart Kids with Learning Disabilities. Dr. Lisa Rappaport is a licensed psychologist providing psychodiagnostic evaluations, counseling, and interventions for children with learning disabilities and psychiatric disorders in New York City. She is an assistant professor of pediatrics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine.




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